Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Bill Sweetman: Beast Of Kandahar Revealed/Desert Prowler

A photograph of the Beast of Kandahar, the classified stealth UAV first reported in April, has emerged on a blog linked to left-wing French newspaper Liberation.

The photo confirms that the previous artists' impressions were largely accurate. The jet has long, slender outer wings, spanning as much as 80 feet, mated to a stouter, deeper centerbody with a pointed nose. One important detail: the overwing fairings are not B-2-like inlets, but cover some kind of equipment - satcoms on one side, perhaps, and a sensor on the other.

The most likely provenance of the airframe is Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works, and it is very likely to be associated with the Desert Prowler program - unearthed by historian Peter Merlin and "patchologist" Trevor Paglen. But it should be noted that Dave Fulghum reported in June 2001 on a plan to acquire 12-24 high altitude, stealthy UAVs. The effort had gathered pace after a US EP-3 SIGINT aircraft was forced to land in China in April, and went further underground after 9/11. It's believed that the first of a small batch of aircraft flew in late 2005 and were operational in Afghanistan in 2007 (where this photo was probably taken.)

Despite superficial similarity the Desert Prowler is not an immediate relative of the Polecat technology demonstrator tested in 2006. The latter incorporated advanced aerodynamic and structural features for a future long-range, very high-altitude UAV, while Desert Prowler is more conservative.

Perhaps the biggest mystery, though, is what the birds were doing in Kandahar. Why use a stealth aircraft against an adversary that doesn't have radar? And if it was part of some Secret Squirrel operation against the Taliban, what in the blue blazes was it doing outdoors in daylight?


Editors note: My guess is that it most likely has significant SIGINT & COMINT capabilities, helpful in ferreting out Taliban using two-way radios to coordinate their attacks, not to mention if UBL should get lonely and want to reach out and touch someone (on his cell or sat phone) it wouldn't hurt to have this bird up there listening in.

And since it most likely can "listen in" it wouldn't do much political good for the Pakistanis to know it's up there, especially to those known to be sympathetic to the Taliban and resentful of a U.S. military presence.

It's now Obama's war...

Washington (CNN) -- President Obama has informed several top diplomatic and military officials about his decision regarding new U.S. strategy and troop levels in Afghanistan, White House press secretary Robert Gibbs said Monday.

Obama called Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Sunday to tell her about his decision, Gibbs said. The president later met in the Oval Office with Defense Secretary Robert Gates, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Adm. Michael Mullen, top U.S. Middle East military commander Gen. David Petraeus and White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel, among others.
Obama also informed his top military commander in Afghanistan -- Gen. Stanley McChrystal -- and Karl Eikenberry, the U.S. ambassador to Kabul.

Obama gave orders to implement the new strategy during the Oval Office meeting, Gibbs said.
On Tuesday, Obama will travel to West Point, New York, to announce his decision on a request by McChrystal for up to 40,000 additional troops.

Obama is expected to send more than 30,000 U.S. troops and seek further troop commitments from NATO allies as part of a counterinsurgency strategy to wipe out al Qaeda elements and stabilize the country while training Afghan forces.
Gibbs said the president's West Point speech will explain why the United States is involved in Afghanistan, the new American mission in the war-torn country and the process that led to Obama's decision.

Obama also will emphasize the limit on U.S. resources "in manpower and budget" and stress that the Afghan mission is "not open-ended," Gibbs said.
Obama, according to Gibbs, is in the process of reviewing the decision with several world leaders, including Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

Obama previously ordered more than 20,000 additional troops to Afghanistan. Roughly 68,000 U.S. troops are in that nation, along with about 45,000 from the NATO alliance.
Clinton, meanwhile, has been working the phones since Thanksgiving to brief her counterparts on the plans, State Department spokesman Ian Kelly said Monday.

Kelly said the secretary's goal was not to brief them on specifics of the new strategy, "because, of course, that's being rolled [Tuesday]," but to give them the "general outlines" of what Obama will announce Tuesday night.
Clinton made 10 calls to foreign ministers on Thanksgiving and has made several other calls since. Kelly would not say whether she pressed any of those governments to commit more troops but said most of the discussions were about the need for "coordinating our efforts."

Speaking on background because of the sensitivity of the issue, a senior administration official said he thought Clinton "got a positive response" from calls to foreign ministers from countries that already are contributing troops to Afghanistan.
"They made clear they would do whatever they could, within their possibilities and abilities," the official said.
Video: Preparing Afghanistan decision Video: Can Afghanistan win its people? Video: Civilians key to Afghan surge Video: Pushing the war tax

A defense official said last week that the military had planning under way to send three additional Army brigades, totaling about 15,000 troops; a Marine brigade, with about 8,000 troops; a headquarters element of about 7,000; and between 4,000 and 5,000 support troops -- a total of about 34,000 troops.

The troops would be dispatched throughout Afghanistan but would be focused mainly on the southern and southeastern provinces, where much of the recent fighting has taken place.
CNN reported last month that this was the preferred option within the Pentagon.
Major questions remain, however, about congressional and broader public support for a new military buildup in the more than eight-year war.
Obama is facing an increasingly loud chorus of disapproval from the liberal base of the Democratic Party. Some Democrats vehemently oppose any troop increase.

There also is concern about the dollar cost of the war. House Appropriations Committee Chairman David Obey, D-Wisconsin, recently proposed a special war surtax to finance the conflict.
"If we're concerned about our future and the need for a shared sacrifice, then this is just simply a common sense approach," Rep. John Larson, D-Connecticut, said Monday on CNN's "American Morning."

"The only people we're asking to sacrifice in this war effort have been the men and women who serve our armed services and do so valiantly. They deserve the same kind of commitment here at home from citizens."
Other Democrats, as well as Republicans, dismissed the idea.
"In the middle of this recession, I don't think you're going to be able successfully or fairly to add a tax burden to middle-income people," Sen. Carl Levin, D-Michigan, said Sunday on CBS's "Face the Nation."
Gibbs said Monday that he had "not heard extensive discussion" at the White House about a possible surtax.

"I know the president will touch on costs" during Tuesday's address, he said, but "I don't expect to get overly detailed [about that issue] in the speech."
Conservative congressional leaders also argue that tying the new troop buildup to a clear exit strategy would be self-defeating.

"Talk of an exit strategy is exactly the wrong way to go," Arizona GOP Sen. Jon Kyl said over the weekend on "Fox News Sunday."

"I certainly hope the president doesn't do that, because all that does is signal to the enemies and also to our allies, to the folks in Pakistan as well as the Afghanis, that we're not there to stay until the mission is accomplished."
Share your views on Obama's Afghanistan decision
Other Republicans warned, however, that public backing for the war might be wearing thin.

"The American people will not sustain a war in Afghanistan for five years or 10 years, in my judgment," GOP Sen. Richard Lugar of Indiana said Sunday on CNN's "State of the Union."

"We're going to have to take a look at what our own resources are, what our own troop levels are, whether we can continue to recruit enough people and what other things are occurring in the world at the same time."
U.S.-led troops invaded Afghanistan in response to the September 11 attacks on New York and Washington by the al Qaeda terrorist network. The invasion overthrew the ruling Taliban, which had allowed al Qaeda to operate from its territory, but most of the top al Qaeda and Taliban leadership escaped the onslaught.

Taliban fighters have since regrouped to the mountainous region along Afghanistan's border with Pakistan, battling U.S. and Afghan government forces on one side and Pakistani troops on the other. Al Qaeda's top leaders, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, remain at large and are suspected to be hiding in the same region.
The conflict has claimed the lives of more than 900 Americans and nearly 600 allied troops.

Su-30MKI fighter jet crashes in western India

Air Force News — By RIA Novosti on December 1, 2009 at 6:30 am

An Indian Su-30MKI fighter jet crashed on Monday near Jaisalmer in the northwestern state of Rajasthan, but both pilots survived, an Air Force spokesman said.

"The aircraft crashed during an ongoing exercise. Both pilots ejected safely and were not injured," the official said.

The incident was the second since the Russian-made Su-30MKI was put into service with the Indian Air Force in 2002, and occurred five days after Indian President Pratibha Patil flew in a two-seat Su-30MKI jet for 30 minutes.

The first Su-30MKI crashed in April during a routine training flight near a village 170 kilometers (105 miles) from Jaisalmer, killing one of its two pilots.

Russia sent in May a group of 20 experts to examine the wreckage of the plane and help the Indian Air Force with the investigation, but the results of the probe have not been disclosed.

The Indian Air Force originally ordered 50 SU-30MKI aircraft from Russia in 1996-98 and an additional 40 planes in 2007. Hindustani Aeronautics (HAL) was also contracted to build 140 aircraft in India between 2003 and 2017 under a licensed production agreement.

The Indian military said after the April accident it was satisfied with the performance of Russian Su-30MKI fighters, despite the crash, and planned to double the number in service with theair force to at least 230 by 2015.


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